Beginner’s Guide to Betta fish Colors

The fun part about owning, breeding and raising betta fish is in experimenting with breeding different colors of fish, and of course in simply enjoying their beautiful, spectacular colors every time you walk past the tank.
Betta fish come in a wide array of colors and patterns, and some variations are referred to as different “breeds” or species of betta fish. Here’s a quick guide to some of the colors you may come across.

Marble Pattern bettas
Marbled bettas have uneven splotches of color across their bodies and fins. Marbles can be virtually any color combination, but are usually bi-color. Many marbled bettas have white as the base color, but in reality there can be very subtle marbled fish.
Koi Pattern
The koi pattern is a subcategory of marble pattern and refers to a marbled betta in more than two colors. It is of course named after the tricolor appearance of koi carp, as koi bettas typically show distinct orange and black splotches over a white base.
Butterfly Pattern bettas
Technically a subset of the marble pattern, the butterfly pattern is characterized by the solid color of the body and the marbled color of the tail and fins. Many times the tail and fins seem to be edged in white. Many colors are possible in the butterfly pattern. Serious betta breeders strive for symmetrical patterns in the fins and tails of marble fish.

Metallic bettas
Metallic bettas have shimmering scales thanks to a slight yellow covering. All colors of betta fish can be metallic. One variation is the Dragon pattern, where the bettas have metallic bodies but colored fins. Copper bettas are another subcategory.

Pineapple bettas
These unique betta fish have well-defined scales that appear to be outlined in black, or to be black and outlined in color. Either way, pineapple bettas can come in all kinds of different colors.

Bi-Color bettas
As the name implies, bi-colored bettas have two distinct colors; the body is one color and the tail and fins are another color. They can come in many different color combinations, from subtle red and apricot to bold black and yellow. There are subcategories of bi-color bettas, including the Cambodia pattern and Chocolates.

SBetta_fish_whiteolid Color bettas
Solid is the most common “pattern” in betta fish, with red and blue being the most common colors. There should be no variation in the color of a solid betta fish; the fins, tail, body and head should all be the same hue. Other colors include black, white, yellow, gold, peach, orange and many different shades of blue, from turquoise to royal blue.

Multicolor bettas
When a betta simply doesn’t fit into any other category, it is called a multicolor betta. These can be all kinds of different colors and are truly unique fish.
These colors and patterns are just the tip of the iceberg and serve as a teaser for anyone new to the world of bettas. There’s plenty more to learn about betta colors, including the genetics behind each. If you learn as much as you can and even find a mentor to show you the ropes, you can even breed your own unique betta colors. Maybe you’ll even start a brand-new variety! But before you put the cart before the proverbial horse, you can find a lot of joy in a single, common-colored betta.